Suppose a fire outbreak or any other emergency happens where you work, can you be able to get out safely or save others and the property from being burnt? For this reason, it is of sum importance to always go a step ahead and plan for prevention measures before it is too late. It is not a secret to anyone that getting prepared is the only way of being able to save yourself in case of an outbreak of fire.
A study carried out indicated that more than 25 % of premises or businesses which are destroyed by fire never recover, instead they end their business for good.
The following are the steps to be taken at your work place to prevent a fire emergency and what to do if the fire starts at the office.
What mainly causes fire in offices?
Arson: strictly follow security measures like making sure the door and windows are well shut after work. Ensure that the surroundings of the office are sufficiently lit and far from flammable components.
Wiring & Appliances: any electrical device that is not in use should not be plugged in a socket. When working hours are over, make sure to unplug all appliances and never should you overload a circuit. Also, make it a habit of replacing wires that are naked or broken
Smoking in zones where people can smoke, it is advisable to use ashtrays that are non-tip, and make sure that cigarette remains are not smoldering before disposing them.
Plans for fire response.
Always know where the safety equipment is located. You should be familiar which exact place where firefighting equipment is and also how to use them. These equipment include carbon monoxide detectors, fire extinguishers, smoke detectors, alarms, exit doors, and many others.
Be attentive on fire risks and safety hazards. Always be quick to notice the obvious safety hazards like stairways that are blocked, faulty fire equipment and open fire exit doors.
Possess an emergency plan for fire. Before anything else, have a fire emergency plan well drafted, printed out, and handed over to all workers. Never hesitate to do some upgrade if needed, and whichever change made should be announced to everybody.
What to do suppose fire starts.
Each alarm should be treated as a potential emergency. When you hear an alarm, even if you do not know the source, take it seriously and contact the fire department directly. After the call, try to locate the origin and if it was a false one, then contact the fire department and convey the same message. Verifying the source of an alarm first without calling the fire department will give the fire a chance to spread.
Always recall to dial 911.If you have seen any safety hazard or heard an alarm, the first thing to do is to dial 911 and report all you have seen or heard. The information to give is the exact location the threat or alarm is, names of buildings or roads nearby, and the address of the place. Very important is not to hang up before receiving an okay to do so by the person on the other side.
Shut all doors when getting out. All the doors should be closed when you are getting out. Closing the doors limits the smoke from spreading all over the workplace.
Avoid using elevators in case of an emergency. In case of any fire emergency, never should you use an elevator as an exit because there are very high chances that it may fail to function due to fire. Also, for a quicker response, the elevator should be free for the firefighters to use it. Instead of using an elevator, prefer using the stairs as an exit.
Create an employee gathering place. A meeting place should be created and every worker should be aware of it. For security purposes, the place should not be in the same building for reasons like to leave ample space for firefighters to occupy and to avoid being hit with falling materials like blocks and glass.
Invent a refuge place if you are unable to exit the building. When unable to get out of the building, invent a place for refuge. Close the room and seal all openings with a wet cloth so as to prevent smoke from filtering through. Stay down as smoke is less dense and rises up leaving fresh air at the floor level. Put another wet cloth over your mouth and nose. Also, go near a window and do some signals or dial the telephone and seek for help.